Celle de l'an dernier :
Let's remember how we got here. Long before the recession, jobs and
manufacturing began leaving our shores. Technology made businesses
more efficient, but also made some jobs obsolete. Folks at the top
saw their incomes rise like never before, but most hardworking
Americans struggled with costs that were growing, paychecks that
weren't, and personal debt that kept piling up.
In 2008, the house of cards collapsed. We learned that mortgages had
been sold to people who couldn't afford or understand them. Banks had
made huge bets and bonuses with other people's money. Regulators had
looked the other way, or didn't have the authority to stop the bad
It was wrong. It was irresponsible. And it plunged our economy into
a crisis that put millions out of work, saddled us with more debt, and
left innocent, hard-working Americans holding the bag. In the six
months before I took office, we lost nearly four million jobs. And we
lost another four million before our policies were in full effect.
This blueprint begins with American manufacturing.
On the day I took office, our auto industry was on the verge of
collapse. Some even said we should let it die. With a million jobs
at stake, I refused to let that happen. In exchange for help, we
demanded responsibility. We got workers and automakers to settle
their differences. We got the industry to retool and restructure.
Today, General Motors is back on top as the world's number one
automaker. Chrysler has grown faster in the U.S. than any major car
company. Ford is investing billions in U.S. plants and factories.
And together, the entire industry added nearly 160,000 jobs.
We bet on American workers. We bet on American ingenuity. And
tonight, the American auto industry is back.
My message is simple. It's time to stop rewarding businesses that
ship jobs overseas, and start rewarding companies that create jobs
right here in America. Send me these tax reforms, and I'll sign them
We're also making it easier for American businesses to sell products
all over the world. Two years ago, I set a goal of doubling U.S.
exports over five years. With the bipartisan trade agreements I
signed into law, we are on track to meet that goal – ahead of
schedule. Soon, there will be millions of new customers for American
goods in Panama, Colombia, and South Korea. Soon, there will be new
cars on the streets of Seoul imported from Detroit, and Toledo, and
Nowhere is the promise of innovation greater than in American-made
energy. Over the last three years, we've opened millions of new acres
for oil and gas exploration, and tonight, I'm directing my
Administration to open more than 75 percent of our potential offshore
oil and gas resources. Right now, American oil production is the
highest that it's been in eight years. That's right – eight years.
Not only that – last year, we relied less on foreign oil than in any
of the past sixteen years.
But with only 2 percent of the world's oil reserves, oil isn't enough.
This country needs an all-out, all-of-the-above strategy that
develops every available source of American energy – a strategy that's
cleaner, cheaper, and full of new jobs.
We have a supply of natural gas that can last America nearly one
hundred years, and my Administration will take every possible action
to safely develop this energy. Experts believe this will support more
than 600,000 jobs by the end of the decade. And I'm requiring all
companies that drill for gas on public lands to disclose the chemicals
they use. America will develop this resource without putting the
health and safety of our citizens at risk.
The development of natural gas will create jobs and power trucks and
factories that are cleaner and cheaper, proving that we don't have to
choose between our environment and our economy. And by the way, it
was public research dollars, over the course of thirty years, that
helped develop the technologies to extract all this natural gas out of
shale rock – reminding us that Government support is critical in
helping businesses get new energy ideas off the ground.
What's true for natural gas is true for clean energy. In three years,
our partnership with the private sector has already positioned America
to be the world's leading manufacturer of high-tech batteries.
Because of federal investments, renewable energy use has nearly
doubled. And thousands of Americans have jobs because of it.
When Bryan Ritterby was laid off from his job making furniture, he
said he worried that at 55, no one would give him a second chance.
But he found work at Energetx, a wind turbine manufacturer in
Michigan. Before the recession, the factory only made luxury yachts.
Today, it's hiring workers like Bryan, who said, "I'm proud to be
working in the industry of the future."
Our experience with shale gas shows us that the payoffs on these
public investments don't always come right away. Some technologies
don't pan out; some companies fail. But I will not walk away from the
promise of clean energy. I will not walk away from workers like
Bryan. I will not cede the wind or solar or battery industry to China
or Germany because we refuse to make the same commitment here. We
have subsidized oil companies for a century. That's long enough.
It's time to end the taxpayer giveaways to an industry that's rarely
been more profitable, and double-down on a clean energy industry
that's never been more promising. Pass clean energy tax credits and
create these jobs.
We can also spur energy innovation with new incentives. The
differences in this chamber may be too deep right now to pass a
comprehensive plan to fight climate change. But there's no reason why
Congress shouldn't at least set a clean energy standard that creates a
market for innovation. So far, you haven't acted. Well tonight, I
will. I'm directing my Administration to allow the development of
clean energy on enough public land to power three million homes. And
I'm proud to announce that the Department of Defense, the world's
largest consumer of energy, will make one of the largest commitments
to clean energy in history – with the Navy purchasing enough capacity
to power a quarter of a million homes a year.
Of course, the easiest way to save money is to waste less energy. So
here's another proposal: Help manufacturers eliminate energy waste in
their factories and give businesses incentives to upgrade their
buildings. Their energy bills will be $100 billion lower over the
next decade, and America will have less pollution, more manufacturing,
and more jobs for construction workers who need them. Send me a bill
that creates these jobs.
Building this new energy future should be just one part of a broader
agenda to repair America's infrastructure. So much of America needs
to be rebuilt. We've got crumbling roads and bridges. A power grid
that wastes too much energy. An incomplete high-speed broadband
network that prevents a small business owner in rural America from
selling her products all over the world.
During the Great Depression, America built the Hoover Dam and the
Golden Gate Bridge. After World War II, we connected our States with
a system of highways. Democratic and Republican administrations
invested in great projects that benefited everybody, from the workers
who built them to the businesses that still use them today.
In the next few weeks, I will sign an Executive Order clearing away
the red tape that slows down too many construction projects. But you
need to fund these projects. Take the money we're no longer spending
at war, use half of it to pay down our debt, and use the rest to do
some nation-building right here at home.
Ending the Iraq war has allowed us to strike decisive blows against
our enemies. From Pakistan to Yemen, the al Qaeda operatives who
remain are scrambling, knowing that they can't escape the reach of the
United States of America.
From this position of strength, we've begun to wind down the war in
Afghanistan. Ten thousand of our troops have come home. Twenty-three
thousand more will leave by the end of this summer. This transition to
Afghan lead will continue, and we will build an enduring partnership
with Afghanistan, so that it is never again a source of attacks
As the tide of war recedes, a wave of change has washed across the
Middle East and North Africa, from Tunis to Cairo; from Sana'a to
Tripoli. A year ago, Qadhafi was one of the world's longest-serving
dictators – a murderer with American blood on his hands. Today, he is
gone. And in Syria, I have no doubt that the Assad regime will soon
discover that the forces of change can't be reversed, and that human
dignity can't be denied.
And we will safeguard America's own security against those who
threaten our citizens, our friends, and our interests. Look at Iran.
Through the power of our diplomacy, a world that was once divided
about how to deal with Iran's nuclear program now stands as one. The
regime is more isolated than ever before; its leaders are faced with
crippling sanctions, and as long as they shirk their responsibilities,
this pressure will not relent. Let there be no doubt: America is
determined to prevent Iran from getting a nuclear weapon, and I will
take no options off the table to achieve that goal. But a peaceful
resolution of this issue is still possible, and far better, and if
Iran changes course and meets its obligations, it can rejoin the
community of nations.
The renewal of American leadership can be felt across the globe. Our
oldest alliances in Europe and Asia are stronger than ever. Our ties
to the Americas are deeper. Our iron-clad commitment to Israel's
security has meant the closest military cooperation between our two
countries in history. We've made it clear that America is a Pacific
power, and a new beginning in Burma has lit a new hope. From the
coalitions we've built to secure nuclear materials, to the missions
we've led against hunger and disease; from the blows we've dealt to
our enemies; to the enduring power of our moral example, America is
Celle de l'an dernier :
Half a century ago, when the Soviets beat us into space with the launch of a satellite called Sputnik, we had no idea how we would beat them to the moon. The science wasn't even there yet. NASA didn't exist. But after investing in better research and education, we didn't just surpass the Soviets; we unleashed a wave of innovation that created new industries and millions of new jobs.
This is our generation's Sputnik moment. Two years ago, I said that we needed to reach a level of research and development we haven't seen since the height of the Space Race. And in a few weeks, I will be sending a budget to Congress that helps us meet that goal. We'll invest in biomedical research, information technology, and especially clean energy technology — (applause) — an investment that will strengthen our security, protect our planet, and create countless new jobs for our people.
Already, we're seeing the promise of renewable energy. Robert and Gary Allen are brothers who run a small Michigan roofing company. After September 11th, they volunteered their best roofers to help repair the Pentagon. But half of their factory went unused, and the recession hit them hard. Today, with the help of a government loan, that empty space is being used to manufacture solar shingles that are being sold all across the country. In Robert's words, "We reinvented ourselves."
At the California Institute of Technology, they're developing a way to turn sunlight and water into fuel for our cars. At Oak Ridge National Laboratory, they're using supercomputers to get a lot more power out of our nuclear facilities. With more research and incentives, we can break our dependence on oil with biofuels, and become the first country to have a million electric vehicles on the road by 2015. (Applause.)
We need to get behind this innovation. And to help pay for it, I'm asking Congress to eliminate the billions in taxpayer dollars we currently give to oil companies. (Applause.) I don't know if — I don't know if you've noticed, but they're doing just fine on their own. (Laughter.) So instead of subsidizing yesterday's energy, let's invest in tomorrow's.
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Date d'inscription : 09/10/2010
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